knowledge and practical thai legal information

Sublet and lease assignment

A sublease or sublet agreement in Thailand is the rental agreement in which the lessee rents all or part of his leased property to another person. In the sublet the lessee becomes the sub-lessor and the new tenant the sub-lessee or sub-tenant. The assignment of a lease is when all rights the lessee/ tenant (asignor) possesses are transferred to another party (assignee), subject to permission and consent of the lessor who enters into a new contract with the assignee.

Sublet is a contract between the lessee and someone who rents the property in his turn from the lessee. In case of sub-rent the lease contract remains binding upon the original lessee. In case of sub lease the lessee in the lease agreement has to execute and a new rental agreement with the sub-lessee.

Section 544 Civil and Commercial Code: 'Unless otherwise provided by the contract of hire, a lessee/ tenant cannot sublet or transfer his rights in the whole or part of the property hired to a third person'.
If the tenant fails to comply with this provision the lessor/ landlord may terminate the contract.
  • มาตรา 544 ทรัพย์สินซึ่งเช่านั้น ผู้เช่าจะให้เช่าช่วงหรือโอนสิทธิของตนอันมีใน ทรัพย์สินนั้นไม่ว่าทั้งหมดหรือแต่บางส่วนให้แก่บุคคลภายนอก ท่านว่าหาอาจทำได้ไม่ เว้นแต่ จะได้ตกลงกันไว้เป็นอย่างอื่นในสัญญาเช่า
    ถ้าผู้เช่าประพฤติฝ่าฝืนบทบัญญัติอันนี้ ผู้ให้เช่าจะบอกเลิกสัญญาเสียก็ได้

Section 545 Civil and Commercial Code: 'If the tenant rightfully sublets the property hired, the sub-tenant is directly liable to the landlord. In such case a payment of rent made in advance by the sub-tenant to the tenant who sublets cannot be raised against the landlord.
The provisions does not prevent the landlord from exercising his rights against the tenant.'
  • มาตรา 545 ถ้าผู้เช่าเอาทรัพย์สินซึ่งตนเช่าไปให้ผู้อื่นเช่าช่วงอีกทอดหนึ่งโดยชอบ ท่านว่าผู้เช่าช่วงย่อมต้องรับผิดต่อผู้ให้เช่าเดิมโดยตรง ในกรณีเช่นว่านี้หากผู้เช่าช่วงจะได้ใช้ค่าเช่า ให้แก่ผู้เช่าไปก่อน ท่านว่าผู้เช่าช่วงหาอาจจะยกขึ้นเป็นข้อต่อสู้ผู้ให้เช่าได้ไม่

The right to transfer or sublet a lease agreement in Thailand must be included in the contract between the lessee and lessor/ landlord. Thai law requires that the right to sublet or assignment is agreed in the original lease agreement. If this is not included in the lease contract the lessee is not allowed to sub-rent or assign his lease right under hire of property laws.

In case of an assignment of the lease agreement the transferee lessee takes the place of the original lessee. A lease assignment must be in writing (section 306 Civil and Commercial Code). Assignment of the lease is subject to permission of the lessor/ landlord. The contractual relationship between the original lessee and lessor ends with the assignment of the lease, as opposed to sublet.

Thai English tenancy rental contract sample

search thaicontracts